Oceans, large bodies of salt water, cover over 70 percent of the surface of the earth. This blanket of water is known as the hydrosphere. Smaller bodies of salt water, usually enclosed on most sides by land, are called seas. Islands are small bodies of land that dot the world's oceans. Some islands are created by volcanic eruptions. Underwater canyons called trenches are so deep that people have not yet been able to explore them.
Oceans are home to much of the life on earth. The beaches host creatures such as birds, crabs, clams, starfish, and sea turtles. Coral reefs can be found in warm, shallow waters. These structures are built over time by tiny creatures called coral polyps, and are home to many, many types of fish and invertebrates, such as shrimp, anemones, and jellyfish. The largest animals in the world, including the whale shark, humpback whale, sperm whale, and the blue whale, live in the deep oceans.
Tropical island scenes that include beaches and palm trees are often used to represent summertime, vacations, and the tropical regions of the world. Because travel to such places can be expensive, this image is also used in association with rich and famous people.
Would you like to draw an island paradise or a vast ocean? Doing so is easy with the aid of this ocean drawing tutorial. This simple, step-by-step guide includes detailed illustrations as well as explanatory text. Notice the blue highlighted lines in each step; these indicate new lines to be added to your drawing.
All you will need to complete your drawing is a pencil or pen and a piece of paper. However, if you have crayons, colored pencils, markers or paints readily available, you may wish to use these to shade your finished drawing.
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1. Begin by drawing a straight, horizontal line. This is called the horizon line. The horizon marks the point where the visible land or water meets the sky.
2. Draw a diagonal, wavy line below the horizon line. This marks the wave of the ocean, where the water meets the beach. Between the horizon line and diagonal line, draw a number of curved, horizontal lines of various lengths. These lines give texture to the water, indicating wind waves.
3. Using curved lines, enclose a number of irregular shapes on the beach, below the diagonal tide line. These shapes indicate rocks or other debris on the beach.
4. Draw a curved line from the middle of the horizontal line to the edge of the page. This outlines a distant island sitting on the horizon.
5. Draw a pair of curved, diagonal lines entering the picture from one side. Note how the lines get closer together towards the top. These lines form the trunk of a palm tree.
6. Draw five or more downward curved lines extending in a star shape from the tip of the palm tree trunk. These lines begin the leaves, or fronds, of the palm tree.
7. Further outline the leaves, enclosing their shape with a jagged line. This line should extend from the center of the star, the tip of the tree trunk, to the tip of each curved arm of the star shape.
8. Complete the leaves of the tree by enclosing them using jagged lines.
9. Add additional detail to your picture. Using connected, curved lines, outline the tops of fluffy clouds in the distance. Add more texture to the water using horizontal, wavy lines. Draw another rock on the beach using a curved line.
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