“The eyes are the window to the soul.” So states an antiquated maxim. To scientists, however, the eyes are very interesting. For example, researchers are currently developing technology that could use patterns in the iris of the eye to identify people, much as the fingerprint is used currently. Movies and television have long depicted such technology, but it may soon become a reality. In fact, some airports are already testing this ‘eye ID’ technology.
To artists, the eyes hold another interest. The eyes are surrounded by many, many small muscles, and the movement of these muscles is an indicator of emotion on the human face. Our eyes, for instance, can show whether we are happy, sad, angry, frightened, excited, or bored.
The eyes, then, are an important means of expressing these emotions in the visual arts, yet many artists find the eyes to be one of the more difficult portions of the human face to capture accurately. What is more, it is almost paradoxical that the eyes are one member largely responsible for our ability to draw the eyes of another.
Almost every drawing or painting of humans or animals includes eyes, whether open or closed. As such, many styles have developed. The simplest eyes involve nothing more than a solidly shaded dot. Other simple eyes consists of a circle with a shaded dot inside it. The Japanese manga and anime art styles often lend straight lines and squared corners to the shape of the eye.
Would you like to draw a pair of eyes? Perhaps you are working on a portrait of a friend or family member. Now, the complicated task of drawing realistic human eyes is easy with the help of this simple, step-by-step drawing guide.
All you will need is a pencil, a piece of paper, and an eraser. You may also want to use crayons, colored pencils, markers, or paints to shade your finished drawing. Notice that each step of this drawing guide includes an illustration as well as explanatory text. New lines added in each picture are highlighted in blue.
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Step-by-Step Instructions for Drawing Eyes
1. Begin by drawing two curved lines. These will form the top edge of the eyes.
2. Draw two more curved lines, enclosing the shape of each eye.
3. Draw the eyelid. Begin by extending a short, curved line from the corner of each eye. Then, use a long, curved line to connect the opposite corner of the eye to the short line just drawn.
4. Extend two short, curved lines from the inner corner of each eye. Then, draw a short, curved line above the eye.
5. Erase guide lines from the corner of the eye.
6. Enclose the inner corner of each eye using a short, curved line. Outline the iris, or colored portion, of each eye by enclosing a circle.
7. Begin drawing eyelashes. Draw long, curved lines outward from the eyelid. Draw similar, shorter curved lines extending from the bottom of the eye.
8. Repeat the process of drawing eyelashes on the opposite eye, forming a mirror image. Draw long lashes from the upper lid, and shorter lashes from the lower.
9. Detail the pupil of the eye. Extend a short, slightly curved line inwards from each side of the iris. Connect the lines using a curved, half-circle shaped line, outlining the pupil. Within the pupil, draw a small circle, a shining point of light. Repeat this process on the remaining eye.
10. Color your eyes. In humans, typical eye colors include light and dark brown, blue, green, grey, and at times even violet.
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