Crystals are special stones in which the atoms and molecules line up in specific patterns. Crystals usually form underground. Crystals come in many colors, and some - such as diamonds, emeralds, and rubies - are often used in jewelry. The word "crystal" comes from a Greek term meaning "ice."
Did you know? Salt, sugar and snowflakes are all crystals. If you look at salt using a magnifying glass, it resembles tiny cubes. Some animals, such as mollusks, can make their own crystals for biological applications. Scientists and inventors use crystals in many objects as well. Some clocks and watches employ crystals in their inner workings. Surgeons use scalpels lined with tiny, microscopic diamonds because of this crystal's remarkable hardness.
While most crystals are small, some are very large. One example is Mexico's Giant Crystal Cave. To date, the largest crystal found there was over 39 feet in length and weighed 55 tons. The cave was discovered at the bottom of a mine.
In popular culture, crystals play a number of roles. Jewelry made from gemstones has been a symbol of affluence and royalty since ancient times. Some crystals were thought to have special powers. This is reflected in fiction as well. One example is the popular character Superman. His weakness is a green crystal from his home planet called kryptonite. When kryptonite is nearby, Superman loses his ability to fly and his super strength.
Would you like to draw a dazzling set of crystals? If so, this easy, step-by-step drawing tutorial is for you. All you will need is a sheet of paper, a pencil, and a good eraser. You may also wish to use markers, crayons, colored pencils, or paints to shade your finished drawing.
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Step-by-Step Instructions for Drawing Crystals
1. Begin by drawing a zigzag line. Use straight or slightly curved lines for each portion. This line will form the bottom of the crystal.
2. Enclose a crystal. Do so using a series of connected, curved lines of various lengths. The figure will include part of the original zigzag line as its base.
3. Outline the second crystal, again using connected, straight lines. Notice that this crystal is larger than the first.
4. Draw a third crystal emerging from between the first two. Enclose the figure using a series of straight lines.
5. Draw another crystal. Notice how this crystal emerges at a different angle as compared to its predecessors. Use connected, straight lines of different lengths to enclose the figure.
6. Draw yet another crystal emerging from behind the others. Use several straight lines to enclose the figure.
7. Now, you will begin to add detail to your crystal. To indicate facets, enclose an irregular pentagon in one crystal. Then, attach the corners of the pentagon to the outline of the crystal using straight lines. Below this crystal, enclose the remaining open space using small and large rectangles.
8. Add the detail of facets to additional crystals. In the small crystal, enclose a shape at its tip, and draw a straight line running the length of the crystal. Do the same for the larger crystal, enclosing an additional shape at its base. Extend a few rectangles from the side of the crystal structure.
9. Add faceted detail to the remaining crystals. For each, enclose the tips and draw one or more lines running the length of the crystal. Use a hatching technique – short, straight, parallel lines – to give texture to the crystals.
10. Color your crystals. Will they be clear like quartz, red like a ruby, or green like kryptonite? The choice is yours.
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