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How to Draw a Solar Eclipse

Easy, step by step Solar Eclipse drawing tutorial
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Have you ever seen a solar eclipse? In the middle of the day, a shadow passes over the sun, the air cools, and it grows dark as if night is falling.

Whether you're preparing to view a solar eclipse where you live or working on a school science project, you can learn how to draw a solar eclipse and diagram its parts.

What causes a solar eclipse? An eclipse happens when the moon passes directly between the Earth and the Sun in its orbit. The moon covers the sun, blocking it from view.

Scroll down for a downloadable PDF of this tutorial.

Totality - a total eclipse, when the sun is completely covered by the moon - is usually seen on Earth by people in a band about 90 miles or 150 kilometers wide.

People outside that area may see the moon partially shade the Sun.

What does a solar eclipse look like? In the past, many people thought it looked like a monster or a dragon was devouring the sun as it became a crescent shape.

During totality, you may be able to see the sun's atmosphere or corona in a ring shape around it.

How long does a solar eclipse last? The moon's shadow can usually be observed crossing the sun for several hours, but totality lasts only a few seconds to a few minutes.

Solar eclipses are relatively rare; for many people, seeing one is a once-in-a-lifetime event.

When you view a solar eclipse, you should use special gear to do so safely, since looking at the sun can hurt your eyes. You can wear eclipse glasses, which look a bit like cardboard sunglasses. Or, you can make a pinhole projector.

Are you ready for the next solar eclipse? Sharpen your pencils; we're about to find out.

If you liked this tutorial, see also the following drawing guides: Mars, Crescent Moon, and Moon.

Step-by-Step Instructions for Drawing a Solar Eclipse

Solar Eclipse drawing - step 1
How to Draw a Solar Eclipse Step 01

1. Begin by drawing three circles. The largest is the Sun. The second-largest is the Earth, and the smallest is the moon. Notice that the moon is between the Sun and the Earth.

Solar Eclipse drawing - step 2
How to Draw a Solar Eclipse Step 02

2. Begin sketching the oceans and continents on the surface of the Earth.

Solar Eclipse drawing - step 3
How to Draw a Solar Eclipse Step 03

3. Continue sketching the continents and oceans using curved lines. Can you make out North and South America, Africa, and a tiny bit of Europe?

Solar Eclipse drawing - step 4
How to Draw a Solar Eclipse Step 04

4. Begin drawing the rays of the Sun. Use short curved lines that meet at points to form a wave-like pattern. Draw small ovals and “C” shaped lines on the surface of the moon to indicate craters left by asteroid impacts.

Solar Eclipse drawing - step 5
How to Draw a Solar Eclipse Step 05

5. Continue to draw the Sun’s rays. Use curved lines that meet at points.

Solar Eclipse drawing - step 6
How to Draw a Solar Eclipse Step 06

6. Continue to draw the Sun’s rays. Use curved lines that meet at points. Notice how the curve of the rays points first in one direction then the other.

Solar Eclipse drawing - step 7
How to Draw a Solar Eclipse Step 07

7. Complete the outline of the rays of the sun. Then, draw two straight lines between the Sun and the Earth. The lines should cross to form an hourglass shape. Notice how the lines also touch the sides of the moon.

This indicates the path of the eclipse, where it will be visible on the Earth. Known as the penumbra, a partial or total eclipse will be visible in this area.

Solar Eclipse drawing - step 8
How to Draw a Solar Eclipse Step 08

8. Draw two more straight lines from the Sun to the Earth. This time, the lines still brush the moon but they do not cross. Connect them with a small oval where they meet the Earth. Called the umbra, this shows the exact location of the moon’s shadow.

Solar Eclipse drawing - step 9
How to Draw a Solar Eclipse Step 09

9. Label your diagram with the words “SUN,” “MOON,” and “EARTH.”

Complete Solar Eclipse drawing

Color your cartoon diagram of a solar eclipse. You can draw the starry sky in the background with the help of this tutorial.

Scroll down for a downloadable PDF of this tutorial.

The Complete Solar Eclipse Drawing Tutorial in One Image

How to draw: Solar Eclipse - all drawing steps
How to Draw a Solar Eclipse Step by Step Tutorial Image

Printable Drawing Tutorial

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